What was The Blitz during WW2, how did it start, which part of the UK was worst hit and how many bombs were dropped in total?

The campaign killed at least 32, 000 civilians and destroyed many houses.

What was The Blitz?

The Second World War bombing campaign, which lasted for eight months from September 1940 to May 1941, targeted industrial and civilian areas.

The British press coined the deadly attack as “The Blitz” after the German phrase “Blitzkrieg” meaning “lightning war.”

The air assault began towards the end of the Battle of Britain on September 7, 1940, with heavy raids on London.

Nazi leader Adolf Hitler's initial plan to destroy the Royal Air Force and invade Britain had failed.

And an RAF assault on Berlin prompted Hitler and his military chief Hermann Goering to attack heavily populated areas of England, Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland in retaliation.

Tragically, the raids by the German air force, known as the Luftwaffe, killed 43,000 civilians, seriously injured 87,000 people and destroyed two million homes.

Famous landmarks such as Buckingham Palace, Westminster Abbey and the Chamber of the House of Commons also sustained damage.


What other UK cities were attacked and how many bombs were dropped?

Over 45,000 bombs were dropped on Britain during the campaign.

Aside from London, the Luftwaffe attacked ports in Liverpool and Hull as well the cities of Bristol, Portsmouth, Plymouth, Southampton, Cardiff, and Swansea.

The industrial powerhouses of Birmingham, Belfast, Coventry, Glasgow, Manchester and Sheffield were also heavily bombed.

The Luftwaffe dropped 5,300 tonnes of high explosives on London in just 24 nights

Much of Coventry was devastated after the Nazi planes unleashed 500 tonnes of high explosives and nearly 900 incendiary bombs on the city in ten hours on November 14.

The deadly bombing campaign began to ease in May 1941 when Germany invaded Russia.

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