Four of England's Nightingale Hospitals will close next month

Four out of England’s seven Nightingale Hospitals will CLOSE permanently next month while others will be used for vaccinations or NHS clinics in ‘transition’ back to normal

  • NHS England confirmed the hospitals will ‘transition back to local NHS services’
  • Some will be used for vaccinations or by local doctors while others will close
  • Emergency wards were only lightly used as main hospitals coped with pandemic
  • Closure is a sign that health chiefs think threat of NHS collapse has passed 

Four out of England’s seven Nightingale Hospitals set up to cope with the Covid crisis will close for good in April. 

The facilities in Birmingham, Manchester, Bristol and Harrogate will shut their doors permanently in April, the Health Service Journal reported.

Officials spent more than £500million on the hospitals, set up in convention centres and large venues, in case NHS wards were overloaded with patients with Covid-19.

An NHS spokesperson called them ‘the ultimate insurance policy’ in a statement today. 

But hospitals never were overwhelmed and the Nightingales saw only light use as rehabilitation centres before being mothballed and then some reopened for vaccinations in the winter.

The three remaining Nightingales, in Exeter, London and Sunderland, will be kept either as extra NHS capacity for routine work or as Covid vaccine centres.

It comes as the number of people in hospital with Covid-19 in the UK has plummeted to 10,898, from a peak of 39,248 in January, and admissions are down from over 4,000 per day to 700.

Health Secretary Matt Hancock is pictured at the opening of London’s 4,000-bed Nightingale Hospital in April 

The closure of the Nightingales marks a step-change in Britain’s future with the coronavirus, suggesting health chiefs are now confident in the NHS’s ability to cope.

As the vaccination programme steams ahead – almost 23million people have had a jab protecting them from severe illness – the ratio of infections to hospital admissions should shrink to a fraction of its previous size.

Although scientists are convinced there will be a third wave of infections when lockdown lifts, experts and ministers hope the jabs will, for most people, reduce the virus to a simple cold or a sniffle.

NHS England confirmed the hospitals would close and a spokesperson said: ‘Since the very early days of the pandemic the Nightingale hospitals have been on hand as the ultimate insurance policy in case existing hospital capacity was overwhelmed.

‘But as we have learned more about coronavirus, and how to successfully treat Covid, existing hospitals have adapted to significantly surge critical care capacity and even in the winter wave – which saw more than 100,000 patients with the virus admitted in a single month – there were beds available across the country.

‘Thank you to the many NHS staff and partners who worked so hard to set the Nightingales up so swiftly and of course the public who followed the guidance on controlling the spread of the virus and helped to prevent hospitals being overwhelmed.’

When the four Nightingales have closed, the one in Exeter, in a large unit on an industrial estate, will remain open as a diagnostic centre for the local NHS.


NHS Nightingale Hospital London

  • Announced: March 24
  • Opened: April 3 (by Prince Charles)
  • Closed: May 15
  • What now? Open for vaccinations 

NHS Nightingale Hospital Birmingham

  • Announced: March 27
  • Opened: April 16 (by Prince William)
  • Down to standby: May 5
  • What now? Closing for good 

NHS Nightingale Hospital North West

  • Announced: March 27
  • Opened: April 17 (by Duchess of Cornwall)
  • Closed: June 5
  • What now? Closing for good

NHS Nightingale Hospital Yorkshire and the Humber 

  • Announced: April 3
  • Opened: April 21 (by Captain Tom Moore)
  • Radiology outpatient clinic: June 4
  • What now? Closing for good

NHS Nightingale Hospital North East

  • Announced: April 10
  • Opened: May 5 (by Matt Hancock)
  • What now? Open for vaccines

NHS Nightingale Hospital Bristol

  • Announced: April 3
  • Opened: April 27 (by Matt Hancock & Prince Edward)
  • Down to standby: July 6
  • What next? Closing for good

NHS Nightingale Hospital Exeter

  • Announced: April 10
  • Opened in standby: July 8
  • First Covid patients: November 26
  • What next? Open for local NHS 

The Sunderland and London hospitals – built in conference centres – will remain open as vaccination clinics for the Covid-19 jab rollout.

The Harrogate hospital will be used by the local NHS while it is dismantled and turned back into a convention centre.

In Bristol, the hospital will be reverted back to an exhibition centre at the University of the West of England (UWE).

Birmingham and Manchester’s centres were also inner-city conference centres – the NEC and G-MEX, respectively.

The Nightingales were controversial because they were so lightly used by Covid-19 patients during the worst of the pandemic.

By the end of 2020, just 249 Covid patients had been admitted to them.

Ministers splashed the cash on seven Nightingales amid fears hospitals would be overwhelmed by Covid during the darkest days of the spring. 

And 19 temporary field hospitals were built in Wales, while Scotland and Wales opened one each at further expense to public funds.

But after they were mothballed in December it emerged health bosses had already started stripping the flagship Nightingale in London of its 4,000 beds, ventilators and even signs directing ambulances to wards. Photos from inside the hospital revealed it was virtually deserted, with wards emptied of beds, chairs stacked on top of each other in storage and no ambulances outside.

Pressuring NHS bosses to keep the hospitals open, a Covid-19 adviser to the British Medical Association called on them to use the emergency units for the ‘purpose for which it was built’.

‘As far as I am aware the Nightingale hospital in Exeter is the only one being used for Covid patients – the purpose for which it was built,’ said Dr David Strain, who is also a hospital consultant in Exeter. 

‘They are the less sick patients – we don’t have the staff to run two intensive care units in the main hospital and the Nightingale.’

Many Nightingales have stood empty for months, despite ministers hailing them as a ‘solution’ to the Covid crisis when they were first opened to huge fan-fare.

Sunderland’s make-shift facility, which wasn’t used at all during the pandemic, remains closed. 

London’s – which was opened by Prince Charles – was dismantled, with unused beds sent to other struggling hospitals across the capital.

Others were re-purposed to treat non-Covid patients to take the pressure off main hospitals, with some tipped to become vaccination centres. 

Manchester’s was open for ‘non-Covid care’, while locations in Bristol and Harrogate operated as ‘specialist diagnostics centres’ or for local medics.

Only Exeter’s Nightingale was being used to treat Covid-19 patients over Christmas, with figures showing there were 28 people on its wards on December 23.

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